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Thursday, July 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of scutage and knight service in England... found in the catalog.

scutage and knight service in England...

James Fosdick Baldwin

scutage and knight service in England...

by James Fosdick Baldwin

  • 265 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by The University of Chicago press in Chicago .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Scutage.

  • Classifications
    LC ClassificationsJC116.S4 B2
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxx, 119 p.
    Number of Pages119
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6972841M
    LC Control Number06027402
    OCLC/WorldCa2968884

    Scutage is a medieval English tax levied on holders of a knight's fee under the feudal land tenure of knight-service. Under feudalism the king, through his vassals, provided land to knights for their support. The knights owed the king military service in return. The knights were allowed to "buy out" of the military service by paying scutage. Glossary of Medieval Land Holding Terms. In feudal times, monarchs held superior title to all land in their kingdom. Kings granted territories to noblemen selected at their pleasure, charging them to cultivate a food surplus above subsistence to support the non-productive but essential central government.

    The Knight in History is a book I picked up at a library book sale. Im glad I did. In general, Gies is an authority on the Middle Ages, so she knows her subject well. The book clocks in at just over pages, but its jam packed with information, with chapters focusing on the beginnings of knighthood, the Crusades, troubadours and literature of knighthood (this particular chapter was a real /5. Cliburn, Westmorland, England - O'Hart's Irish [and English] Pedigrees By Patricia Clayborn J at In the hope that they might be of interest to someone on this list, what follows are the records from "O'Hart's Irish [and English] Pedigrees" on the .

    tenants, Knight’s service due to lords who owe none, Scutage, Scutage between king and tenant in chief, Scutage and fi nes for default of service, Scutage and the military sub-tenants, Tenure by escuage, The lord’s right to scutage, Reduction in the number of knight’s fees, Meaning of this reduction, William Marshal, Knight-errant, Baron, and Regent of England. Sidney Painter. Johns Hopkins Press, - Great Britain - pages. 0 Reviews. From inside the book. What people are 10 other sections not shown. Other editions - View all. William Marshal, knight-errant, baron, and regent of England Sidney Painter Snippet view -


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Scutage and knight service in England.. by James Fosdick Baldwin Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Scutage and Knight Service in England [James Fosdick Baldwin] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.

Purchasers can download a free scanned scutage and knight service in England. book of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. Excerpt: CHAPTER II. the Scutage and Knight Service in England. [James Fosdick Baldwin] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Full text of " The scutage and knight service in England." See other formats. Genre/Form: Academic theses: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Baldwin, James Fosdick, b.

Scutage and knight service in England. Chicago: University. Knight service, in the European feudal system, military duties performed in return for tenures of land.

The military service might be required for wars or expeditions or merely for riding and escorting services or guarding the castle. To obtain such service, a lord could either enfeoff (grant a.

Scutage is a medieval English tax levied on holders of a knight's fee under the feudal land tenure of knight-service. Under feudalism the king, through his vassals, provided land to knights for their support.

The knights owed the king military service in return. The knights were allowed to "buy out" of the military service by paying scutage. The Significance of Scutage Rates in Eleventh-and Twelfth-Century England A MONG the many insights which John Horace Round presented to the world in his epoch-making book, Feudal England, was the idea of an interrelationship between the daily wages of a knight, the customary annual period of knight service, and the rate of scutage assessments.

The chief sources of information for the extent and development of knight-service are the returns (cartae) of the barons (i.e. the tenants-in-chief) ininforming the king, at his request, of the names of their tenants by knight-service with the number of fees they held, supplemented by the payments for scutage recorded on the pipe rolls.

The best monograph on the subject (though not wholly free from errorris J. Baldwin's The Scutage and Knight Service in England (), a dissertation printed at the University of Chicago Press. Madox's History of the Exchequer was the standard authority formerly, and is still of use.

The chief sources of information for the extent and development of knight-service are the returns (cartae) of the barons (i.e. the tenants-in-chief) ininforming the king, at his request, of the names of their tenants by knight-service with the number of fees they held, supplemented by the payments for “scutage” (see Scutage) recorded.

The best monograph on the subject (though not wholly free from error) is J. Baldwin’s The Scutage and Knight Service in England (), a dissertation printed at the University of Chicago Press.

Madox’s History of the Exchequer was the standard authority formerly, and is still of use. England: The Collection of Scutage, The collection of the first scutage in England, in A.D. was associated with the establishment of an orderly system of taxation.

It was really a commutation of military service in terms of a money payment, and was exacted from each knight's fief. As the feudal system disintegrated, knight service was with growing frequency commuted into cash payments.

In England the payment was known as scutage. Many landowners found the duties of knighthood too onerous for their meager resources and contented themselves with the rank of squire. Entry for 'Knight-Service' - Encyclopedia Britannica - One of 8 Bible encyclopedias freely available, this resource contained over 40 million words in nea articles written by 1, respected authors.

It is accepted by Pollock and Maitland (History of English Law), who discuss the question at length; by Mr J. Baldwin in his Scutage and Knight-service in England (University of Chicago Press, ), a valuable monograph with bibliography; and by Petit-Dutaillis, in his Studies supplementary to Stubbs’ Constitutional History (Manchester.

As feudal lord, the king had the right to collect scutage from the barons who held these honours. Scutage (literally shield money, from escutcheon) was a tax collected from vassals in lieu of military service.

The payment of scutage rendered the crown more independent of the feudal levy and enabled it to pay for troops on its Rating: % positive. The form of taxation known as scutage, in the law of England under the feudal system, allowed a knight to "buy out" of the military service due to the Crown as a holder of a knight's fee held under the feudal land tenure of name derived from shield (in Latin: scutum).The term sometimes loosely applies to other pecuniary levies on the basis of the knight's fee.

SCUTAGE or Escuage, the pecuniary commutation, under the feudal system, of the military service due from the holder of a knight's fee. Its name is derived from his shield (scutum).The term is sometimes loosely applied to other pecuniary levies on the basis of the knight's fee.

It was supposed till recently that scutage was first introduced in or on the occasion of Henry II.'s expedition. Knight-service was the dominant and distinctive tenure of land as a fief associated with a knight under the English feudal system. Early history. It is associated in its origin with that development in warfare which made the mailed horseman, armed with lance and sword, the most important factor in was long believed that knight-service was developed out of the liability, under the.

Scutage is a medieval English tax levied on holders of a knight's fee under the feudal land tenure of feudalism the king, through his vassals, provided land to knights for their support. The knights owed the king military service in return.

The knights were allowed to "buy out" of the military service by paying scutage. dapifer, with land in Dillington and Stowe, for the service of one knight 1 Professor J. F. Baldwin's Scutage and Knight Service in England () was the first modern monograph on the subject.

2 " An early mention of Scutage," English, Historical Review (), xxxvi. 3 J. H. Round, Studies in the Red Book of the Exchequer, pp.

Explanation. Scutage: The form of taxation known as scutage, in the law of England under the feudal system, allowed a knight to "buy out" of the military service due to the Crown as a holder of a knight's fee held under the feudal land tenure of name derived from shield.

The term sometimes loosely applies to other pecuniary levies on the basis of the knight's fee, and also. Scutage Scutage allowed barons under the feudal system of land tenure of knight-service, and who held knight fees, to opt out of personally attending the king's wars and in lieu of that personal service to buy out the military service owed to the crown, as holders these knight's fees, with money instead.

All bishops were barons, and consequently had to pay scutage, as they themselves could not Author: CJD (Jim) Roberts.